Dogs that shed tend to leave their hair everywhere. Regular grooming, however, helps reduce the amount of hair that dogs shed. But there are dogs that don’t shed much – and produce less allergens in saliva, dander (tiny flecks of dead skin) and urine. These are the non-allergenic dog breeds that are great for people with dog allergies, as well as for people who do not like to have dog hair all over their house.
Many dogs shed more when the weather changes. It’s a big part of their natural temperature control mechanism. A significant temperature change will stimulate a dog’s hair follicles to either grow more hair, or to shed more. In addition, outdoor dogs are most affected by temperature changes. This is the reason why indoor dogs tend to have a constant rate of shedding.
In this Article
- What are hypoallergenic dogs?
- What are dog allergies?
- Main characteristics of shedless dogs
- Which are some of the most popular dogs that don’t shed
- Are there Non-allergenic cats?
- Which are good names for hypoallergenic dogs?
- After all that shedding: How to clean-up dog hair
- How to reduce dog allergies
Other reasons why some dogs shed more include state of health, diet and age. A dog who eats a balanced diet is bound to have a beautiful coat. Parasites (internal and external) can also cause your canine friend to lose hair. Dogs who harbor fleas experience mild to severe itching. They keep scratching and biting themselves. This compulsive behavior causes the dog to shed hair.
Canis lupus familiaris is the scientific name for domestic dogs. They are descendants of the gray wolf, Canis lupus
Dogs that Don’t Shed Much (Non-shedding, Hypoallergenic Dogs)
What are Hypoallergenic Dogs?
Hypoallergenic dogs are dog breeds that don’t shed a lot of hair. However, no dog is 100% hypoallergenic.
The allergies caused by dogs are actually caused by the Can F 1 protein in their dander, saliva and urine. In contrast, cat’s that don’t shed much produce less Fel d 1 protein.
Lack of hair is not a guarantee that a dog is non-allergenic. Some hypoallergenic dogs, such as the Mexican hairless (Xoloitzcuintli), have little or no hair. However, other non-shedding dogs on this hypoallergenic dogs list have a lot of hair. These include the Shih Tzu that has a long double coat and the thick, silky coated Afghan hound.
Top Characteristics of Dogs that don’t shed
Non-shedding dogs come in all shapes, colors and sizes. However, most hypoallergenic dogs share the following characteristics.
- They shed less and produce less dander.
- Dogs that don’t shed produce less Can F 1 protein in their dander, saliva and urine
- Most are pure breeds – developed specifically to be hypoallergenic
- They come in different sizes. There are large breeds of dogs that are hypoallergenic as well as small dogs that don’t shed
- Some have been back-crossed, such as the hypoallergenic Goldendoodle. Backcrossing involves mating a hybrid with one of its parent breed in order to enhance a certain feature in the resulting litter.
- There are breeds of non-allergenic dogs that live indoors while others are outdoor dogs
- They can be found all over the world. Dogs that don’t shed have adapted to different climates. Some live in the coldest regions of Earth, such as the Samoyed from Siberia (Russia). The Basenji is a popular non-shedding dog breed that has its origins in Congo (in Africa).
Most popular dogs that don’t shed
The following are some of the most popular dogs that don’t shed.
Which are some of the small hypoallergenic dogs?
- Bichon-frise – This small dog breed doesn’t shed. It is a lively dog that is great for people who have dog allergies. The bichon-frise has a white wool-like coat that has a silky texture. Like the Chihuahua, this dog has big eyes that make it a very cute dog. It’s size and personality make it a perfect dog breed for families living in apartments.
- The Poodle – There are generally three categories of poodles: The standard size poodle, the Miniature and Toy poodles. This small hypoallergenic dog breed comes in three colors: white, black and apricot. Poodles are active dogs who have a life expectancy of between 10 and 18 years.
- Shih Tzu – This tiny hypoallergenic dog weighs no more than 7.5 kg when fully grown. It has its origins on the Tibetan Plateau in China. Some Shih Tzu have short curly hair. Others have a soft and long coat of hair.
- The Xoloitzcuintli (Xolo) – This hypoallergenic dog is also referred to as the Mexican Hairless Dog. It has a dominant gene that causes the hairlessness. As a result, some Xolo dogs are hairless. Others have hair. A typical litter will have both haired and hairless puppies! The Xolo comes in three sizes: Toy, miniature and standard. In addition, the Mexican hairless dog has a unique dentition: It lacks premolars.
Which are some of the Medium sized, non-shedding dogs?
- Basenji – The Basenji has its origins in Congo, Africa. It is also called the “barkless” dog since the dog can’t bark. This is the perfect hunting dog – barking startles game. Rather than bark, the Basenji makes an array of sounds described as a howl, yondel. This is because its vocal cords are structured differently than those of other dogs. The dog breed is playful, intelligent but also stubborn. Basenji have a high-set curly tail – another distinguishing characteristic.
- Goldendoodle – This dog breed is a cross between a Poodle (hypoallergenic) and a Golden retriever (shedding). Some Goldendoodles shed. Some puppies in the same litter will shed more than others – as a result of crossbreeding. Goldendoodles that look more like poodles usually shed less.
- Tibetan Terrier – this dog breed has its origins in Tibet. It is not a terrier but resembles terrier dogs. Tibetan Terriers are good family dogs. They are affectionate, gentle and energetic. However, these dogs are not good guard dogs since they are gentle and love human companionship.
- Bernedoodle – this dog breed is a mix between the Bernese mountain Dog and the Poodle. Some Bernedoodle puppies in the same litter will shed, depending on their genetic make-up.
- Lakeland Terrier – this dog is from the Lake District in England where it was used to hunt foxes and otters. It comes in small and medium size. The terrier is bold and courageous.
- Peruvian Inca Orchid – most dogs in this breed are hairless. It’s very rare and has a unique, hairless look. There are small, medium and large sized Peruvian Inca Orchid dogs. They are good hunters, slim yet strong. This is the national dog of Peru, and one of the ancient dog breeds.
Are there large hypoallergenic dogs?
- Portuguese Water Dog – This big canine (an adult male weighs up to 60 pounds!) sheds very little hair. It is a good family dog. However, this hypoallergenic dog requires regular physical activity since he is a working dog who is always active and very intelligent.
- Bergamasco shepherd – This big dog breed is hypoallergenic. An adult male Bergamasco shepherd weighs up to 38kg. This herding dog is vigilant, patient, intelligent and eager to please. He is very observant and originated in the Italian Alps.
- The Afghan Hound – This big hypoallergenic dog has its origins in the regions around Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran. The Afghan hound is somehow aloof and independent but happy. The adult male weighs up to 35kg. The thick and silky coat doesn’t require trimming. This unusually-looking dog prefers to live indoors.
- Giant Schnauzer – This is a working dog. The Giant Schnauzer has its origins in Germany. As their name suggests, this is a large dog who can weigh up to 45kg! It is smart, aggressive and forceful, hence this breed is not a good pet for kids. The Giant Schnauzer is a good guard dog who is very territorial.
- Airedale Terrier – this is the biggest of all terriers. The breed is also called Bingley Terrier/ Waterside Terrier. It originated in the region around Aire River in England. Airedale terrier is aggressive, courageous, confident, alert and friendly. They have a strong hunting instinct.
- Bouvier des Flandres – this is a working dog that has a lot of energy. Bouvier des Flandres are great with farm work – including herding cattle and sheep. They have also been used to pull carts and as guard dogs. They are gentle, loyal and protective.
Hypoallergenic cats: Are there Non-allergenic cat breeds?
There are hypoallergenic cats as well. These are cats that produce little Fel d 1 protein. Fel d 1 protein is the main cause of cat allergies. Allergy-free cats include the Russian Blue cat, Sphynx, Peterbald, Cornish Rex and the Donskoy. The tactics used to reduce dog allergies work for cats as well.
Cats cause more allergies than dogs. One reason for this is that cats are indoor pets who are naturally closer to people than dogs. Male cats produce more allergens than females. Calico cats are mostly female and are a good choice for cat allergy sufferers.
Which are good names for hypoallergenic dogs?
The first step after getting a dog is to give him/ her a name. There are many cool dog names. However, some popular dog names are best for puppies. Some of the tough dog names are for big breeds, as well as small breeds.
How to clean-up dog hair
Dog hair tends to accumulate in hard to reach places. They are found in tiny cracks and furniture joints. As a result, it can be hard to get rid of dog hair. One of the best ways to cleanup dog hair is to cover furniture, mattresses and pillows with easy to clean covers. In addition, sweep the carpet before you vacuum.
It is important to move the vacuum cleaner in different directions in order to pick up as many hairs as possible. Remember to regularly carry out maintenance on your vacuum cleaner. A roll of tape also comes in handy to remove dog hairs from furniture and clothing.
How to reduce dog allergies
The most effective way to reduce dog allergies is to remove the pet. But this is simply not an option for most canine lovers (Note that Can f 1 and Can f 2 protein are also found in homes that don’t have dogs!). Dog allergens are mostly found in bedding, carpets and furniture. The following are the best ways to reduce or eliminate the irritation caused by dog allergens.
- Get a female dog – male dogs (and cats) produce more allergens.
- Ensure your canine friend eats a balanced diet – this will keep his coat healthy and reduce the shedding.
- Use air filtration – place high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters in the house.
- Regular grooming – Bathe your dog regularly. In addition, regular grooming helps to reduce the amount of hair and dander that a dog sheds. It also keeps a dog’s coat in good shape.
- Regularly take the dog to a dog park – your best friend will have enough exercise while you breathe in the fresh air.
- Vacuum cleaning – this is very effective since it removes even the microscopic particles shed by dogs
- Remove furnishings – Your pet’s hair tends to stick on furniture and furnishings. Simply cleaning around will get rid of most of the allergens.
- Restrict the dog from entering some parts of the house – This effectively creates allergy-free zones. In addition, discourage the dog from entering your bedroom, and sleeping in your bed.
- Use encasement for pillows and mattresses – these covers are easier to clean, keep off the dirt and can provide allergy relief.
- Tannic acid has been found to reduce amount of allergens. It is mostly brushed onto carpets before vacuuming.
- Wash your hands after touching the dog
There’s No 100% Non-allergenic Dog
Both shedding dogs (such as the Jack Russell terrier and the Shiba Inu) and non-shedding dogs are popular with pet owners. However, no dog is completely hypoallergenic.
But most of the hypoallergenic dogs have been bred specifically for allergy sufferers. The great news is that dogs that don’t shed come in all shapes, sizes, temperament and colors. There’s a dog for everyone – whether you desire a companion, hunter, indoor or outdoor dog, or a guard dog for your property!